Accordion fold Bindery term, two or more parallel folds which open like an accordion
Against the grain At right angles to direction of paper grain.
Alteration Change in copy of specifications after production has begun.
Artboard Alternate term for mechanical art
Author's corrections Also know as "AC's". Changed and additions in copy after it has been typeset.
Back up Printing the second side of a sheet already printed on one side
Banding Method of packaging printed pieces of paper using rubber or paper bands.
Bind To fasten sheets or signatures with wire, thread, glue. or by other means.
Bindery The finishing department of a print shop or firm specializing in finishing printed products.
Blanket The thick rubber mat on a printing press that transfers ink from the plate to paper.
Bleed Printing that goes to the edge of the sheet after trimming.
Blind embossing An image pressed into a sheet without ink or foil
Blueline A blue photographic proof used to check position of all image elements
Board Alternate term for mechanical
Bond & carbon Business form with paper and carbon paper
Bond paper Strong durable paper grade used for letterheads and business forms
Break for colour Also known as a colour break. To separate mechanically or by software the parts to be printed in different colours
Brightness The brilliance or reflectance of paper.
Bulk Thickness of paper stock in thousandths of an inch or number of pages per inch.
Bulk pack Boxing printed product without wrapping or banding.
Burn Exposing a printing plate to high intensity light or placing an image on a printing plate by light.
Butt Joining images without overlapping
Butt fit Printed colours that overlap one row of dots so they appear to butt.
Carbonless Pressure sensitive writing paper that does not use carbon.
Calliper Paper thickness in thousandths of an inch
Camera-ready copy Print ready mechanical art
Case bind A type of binding used in making hard cover books using glue
Cast coated Coated paper with a high gloss reflective finish.
Coated paper A clay coated printing paper with a smooth finish.
Collate A finishing term for gathering paper in a precise order
Colour bar A quality control term regarding the spots of ink colour on the tail of a sheet
Colour correction Methods of improving colour separations
Colour filter Filters uses in making colour separations, red, blue, green
Colour key Colour proofs in layers of acetate
Colour matching system A system of formulated ink colours used for communicating colour
Colour separations The process of preparing artwork, photographs, transparencies, or computer generated art for printing by separating into the four primary printing colours
Comb bind To plastic comb bind by inserting the comb into punched holes.
Composite film Combining two or more images on one or more pieces of film
Continuous-tone copy Illustrations, photographs or computer files that contain gradient tones from black to white or light to dark
Contrast The tonal change in colour from light to dark.
Copy All furnished material or disc used in the production of a printed product
Cover paper A heavy printing paper used to cover books, make presentation folders, etc
Crash number Numbering paper by pressing an image on the first sheet which is transferred to all parts of the printed set
Crimping Puncture marks holding business forms together
Cromalin Trade name for DuPont colour proofs
Crop To cut off parts of a picture or image
Crop marks Printed lines showing where to trim a printed sheet
Crossover Printing across the gutter or from one page to the facing page of a publication.
Cyan One of four standard process colours. The blue colour.
Densitometer A quality control devise to measure the density of printing ink.
Density The degree of colour or darkness of an image or photograph.
Diazo A light sensitive coating used on printing plates.
Die Metal rule or imaged block used to cut or place an image on paper in the finishing process.
Die cutting Cutting images out of paper
Dot An element of halftones. Using a loupe you will see that printed pictures are made many dots
Dot gain or spread A term used to explain the difference in size between the dot on film v paper
Double burn Exposing a plate to multiple images
Draw-down A sample of ink and paper used to evaluate ink colours
Drop-out Portions of artwork that do not print
Dummy A rough layout of a printed piece showing position and finished size
Duotone A halftone picture made up of two printed colours
Dylux Photographic paper made by DuPont and used for bluelines.
Emboss Pressing an image into paper so that it will create a raised relief
Emulsion Light sensitive coating found on printing plates and film.
Eurobind A patented method of binding perfect bound books so they will open and lay flatter.
Flat An assembly of negatives taped to masking materials for platemaking
Flood To cover a printed page with ink, varnish, or plastic coating
Foil A metallic or pigmented coating on plastic sheets or rolls used in foil stamping and foil embossing
Foil emboss Foil stamping and embossing a image on paper with a die
Foil stamping Using a die to place a metallic or pigmented image on paper
4-color-process The process of combining four basic colours to create a printed colour picture or colours composed from the basic four colours
French fold Two folds at right angles to each other
Galley proof Text copy before it is put into a mechanical layout or desktop layout
Gang Getting the most out of a printing press by using the maximum sheet size to print multiple images or jobs on the same sheet. A way to save money.
Generation Stages of reproduction from original copy. A first generation reproduction yields the best quality.
Ghost bars A quality control method used to reduce ghosted image created by heat or chemical contamination.
Ghosting A faint printed image that appears on a printed sheet where it was not intended. More often than not this problem is a function of graphical design. It is hard to tell when or where ghosting will occur. Sometimes you can see the problem developing immediately after printing the sheet, other times the problem occurs while drying. However the problem occurs it is costly to fix, if it can be fixed. Occasionally it can be eliminated by changing the colour sequence, the inks, the paper, changing to a press with a drier, printing the problem area in a separate pass through the press or changing the racking (reducing the number of sheets on the drying racks). Since it is a function of graphical design, the buyer pays for the increased cost.
Gloss A shiny look reflecting light
Grain The direction in which the paper fibre lie.
Grippers The metal fingers on a printing press that hold the paper as it passes through the press
Hairline A very thin line or gap about the width of a hair or 1/100 inch
Halftone Converting a continuous tone to dots for printing
Hard copy The output of a computer printer, or typed text sent for typesetting
Hickey Re-occurring unplanned spots that appear in the printed image from dust, lint, dried ink
High-bulk paper A paper made thicker than its standard basis weight
Highlight The lightest areas in a picture or halftone
Image area Portion of paper on which ink can appear
Imposition Positioning printed pages so they will fold in the proper order.
Impression Putting an image on paper.
Imprint Adding copy to a previously printed page
Ink Duct The reservoir on a printing press that hold the ink
Keylines Lines on mechanical art that show position of photographs or illustrations
Kiss die cut To cut the top layer of a pressure sensitive sheet and not the backing
Knock out To mask out an image
Laid finish Simulating the surface of handmade paper
Laminate To cover with film, to bond or glue one surface to another
Line copy High contrast copy not requiring a halftone
Lines per inch The number of rows of dots per inch in a halftone
Loupe A magnifying glass used to review a printed image, plate and position film
Magenta Process red, one of the basic colours in process colour
Makeready All the activities required to prepare a press for printing
Marginal words Call outs for directions on various parts of a business form
Mask Blocking light from reaching parts of a printing plate
Matte finish Dull paper or ink finish
Mechanical Camera ready art all contained on one board
Mechanical separation Mechanical art overlay for each colour to be printed
Micrometer Instrument used to measure the thickness of different papers
Middle tones The tones in a photograph that are approximately half as dark as the shadow area
Moire Occurs when screen angles are wrong causing odd patterns in photographs
Negative The image on film that makes the white areas of originals black and black areas white
Non-reproducing blue A blue colour the camera cannot see. Used in marking up artwork
Offsetting Using an intermediate surface used to transfer ink. Also, an unpleasant happening when the images of freshly printed sheets transfer images to each other
Offset paper Term for uncoated book paper
Ok sheet Final approved colour inking sheet before production begins
Opacity The amount of show-through on a printed sheet. The more opacity or the thicker the paper the less show-through. (The thicker/heavier the paper the higher the cost.)
Outline halftone Removing the background of a picture or silhouetting an image in a picture
Overlay The transparent cover sheet on artwork often used for instructions
Overrun or overs Copies printed in excess of the specified quantity. (Printing trade terms allow for + - 10 % to represent a completed order.)
Page count Total number of pages in a book including blanks
Pattern carbon Special carbon paper used in business forms that only transfers in certain areas
Perfect bind A type of binding that glues the edge of sheets to a cover like a telephone book, Microsoft software manual, or Country Living Magazine
Perfecting press A sheet fed printing press that prints both sides of a sheet in one pass
Pica Unit of measure in typesetting. One pica = 1/6 inch
Picking Printers nightmare that occurs as the surface of a sheet lifts off during printing. Generally a paper manufactures quality control problem
Pin register A standard used to fit film to film and film to plates and plates to press to assure the proper registration of printer colours
Plate gap Gripper space. The area where the grippers hold the sheet as it passes through the press
PMS The abbreviated name of the Pantone Colour Matching System
PMT Abbreviated name for photomechanical transfer. Often used to make position prints
Point For paper, a unit of thickness equalling 1/1000 inch. for typesetting, a unit of height equalling 1/72 inch
PostScript The computer language most recognized by printing devices
Press number A method of numbering manufacturing business forms or tickets
Pressure-sensitive paper Paper material with self sticking adhesive covered by a backing sheet
Process blue The blue or cyan colour in process printing
Process colours Cyan (blue), magenta (process red), yellow (process yellow), black (process black)
Ragged left Type that is justified to the right margin and the line lengths vary on the left
Ragged right Type that is justified to the left margin and the line lengths vary on the right
Ream Five hundred sheets of paper
Recto Right-hand page of an open book
Reflective copy Copy that is not transparent
Register To position print in the proper position in relation to the edge of the sheet and to other printing on the same sheet
Register marks Cross-hair lines or marks on film, plates, and paper that guide strippers, platemakers, pressmen, and bindery personnel in processing a print order from start to finish
Reverse The opposite of what you see. Printing the background of an image. For example; type your name on a piece of paper. The reverse of this would be a black piece of paper with a white name
Rip film A method of making printing negatives from PostScript files created by desktop publishing
Saddle stitch Binding a booklet or magazine with staples in the seam where it folds
Scanner Device used to make colour separations, halftones, duo tones and tri tones. Also a device used to scan art, pictures or drawings in desktop publishing
Score A crease put on paper to help it fold better
Screen angles Frequently a desktop publishers nightmare. The angles at which halftone, duo tones, tri tones, and colour separation printing films are placed to make them look right
Self-cover Using the same paper as the text for the cover
Shadow The darkest areas of a photograph
Show-through Printing on one side of a sheet that can be seen on the other side of the sheet
Side guide The mechanical register unit on a printing press that positions a sheet from the side
Side stitch Binding by stapling along one side of a sheet
Signature A sheet of printed pages which when folded become a part of a book or publication
Silhouette halftone A term used for an outline halftone
Skid A pallet used for a pile of cut sheets
Specifications A precise description of a print order
Spine The binding edge of a book or publication
Split fountain Putting more than one ink in a printing fountain to achieve special colour affects.
Spoilage Planned paper waste for all printing operations
Spot varnish Varnish used to highlight a specific part of the printed sheet
Stamping Term for foil stamping
Stat Term for inexpensive print of line copy or halftone
Step-and-repeat A procedure for placing the same image on plates in multiple places
Stet A proof mark meaning let the original copy stand
Stock The material to be printed
Stripping The positioning of film on a flat prior to platemaking
Substance weight A term of basis weight when referring to bond papers
Substrate Any surface on which printing is done
Text paper Grades of uncoated paper with textured surfaces
Tints A shade of a single colour or combined colours
Tissue overlay Usually a thin transparent paper placed over artwork for protection uses for marking colour breaks and other printer instructions
Transfer tape A peel and stick tape used in business forms
Transparency A positive photographic slide on film allowing light to pass through
Transparent copy A film that light must pass through for it to be seen or reproduced
Transparent ink A printing ink that does not conceal the colour under it
Trapping The ability to print one ink over the other
Trim marks Similar to crop or register marks. These marks show where to trim the printed sheet
Trim size The final size of one printed image after the last trim is made
Under-run Production of fewer copies than ordered. See over run
Up Printing two or three up means printing multiple copies of the same image on the same sheet
UV coating Liquid laminate bonded and cured with ultraviolet light. Environmentally friendly
Varnish A clear liquid applied to printed surfaces for looks and protection.
Verso The left hand page of an open book
Vignette halftone A halftone whose background gradually fades to white
Washup Removing printing ink from a press, washing the rollers and blanket. Certain ink colours require multiple washups to avoid ink and chemical contamination
Waste A term for planned spoilage
Watermark A distinctive design created in paper at the time of manufacture that can be easily seen by holding the paper up to a light
Web A roll of printing paper
Web press The name of a type of presses that print from rolls of paper
Wire O A bindery trade name for mechanical binding using double loops of wire through a hole
Wire-O binding A method of wire binding books along the binding edge that will allow the book to lay flat using double loops. See Wire O
With the grain Folding or feeding paper into the press or folder parallel to the grain of the paper
Work and tumble Printing one side of a sheet and turning it over from the gripper to the tail to print the second side using the same side guide and plate for the second side
Work and turn Printing one side of a sheet and turning it over from left to right using the same side guides and plate for the second side
Wove paper A paper having a uniform unlined surface with a smooth finish
Bleed Images, background colours and fills which are intended to extend to the edge of the page should be extended 3mm beyond the page to give a bleed. Text, boxes and other areas you need on your finished job should sit 6mm in from the edges of the page.
Colour All files need to be prepared in a CMYK workspace. We print using a four colour process. Designers preparing their files in a RGB format and then outputting to CMYK may experience variations in colour and can cause delays in the printing process. Designers must ensure their working space is set to CMYK from start.
Scans and Photos within documents All photos and scans must be provided at a minimum 300dpi. If preparing PDF, EPS or AI files please ensure all images are embedded within your final document.
How should I prepare my pages? Please supply everything in a 'one up' basis. i.e. provide one business card on a 90 x 50 or 85 x 55 page or one A4 leaflet on a 210 x 297 page.
Will my printed job match the colour from my desktop printer? We will endeavour to match a print to your desktop output, please forward a copy via post once you have place your order. If there are colour matching issues we will contact you to clarify the position.
Sending booklet artwork We require multiple page documents such as booklets to be arranged in PRINTERS SPREADS. For more information please do not hesitate to make contact.
Which file types provide the highest quality output? We recommend PDF as your default file type. Please ensure you save your PDF as a PRESS QUALITY document, this is often a standard default within your graphics program.
PDF ensures that all fonts and images are embedded within the document, and when saved at PRESS QUALITY ensures the maximum image quality too.
If using PHOTOSHOP CS2: When creating your document save as PSD with layers preserved. When you are ready to output as PDF, choose SAVE AS then selectPHOTSHOP PDF when presented with the ADOBE PDF PRESET options simply choose [Press Quality] and save your file.
To ensure highest quality output DO NOT FLATTEN YOUR ARTWORK PRIOR TO SAVING
If using ADOBE ILLUSTRATOR: When ready to output from AI format. Choose SAVE AS, then ADOBE PDF and choose PRESS from the program presets.
Which files can we accept? PDF // EPS // ILLUSTRATOR // PSD // TIFFS // JPEG
If supplying artwork in PSD format please ensure that all fonts used in the document are collected and sent. Alternatively follow the PDF advice to create a press ready PDF from your PSD.
Please ensure if sending artwork as EPS that all fonts are converted to PATHS/OUTLINES and all images are embedded within the document.
Please ensure if sending artwork as TIFF or JPEG that document is CMYK and saved at minimum 300dpi
How do we despatch items? All orders are despatched using our next working day courier service with DPD or UPS. All prices online include delivery to one UK mainland address as standard. If your job is to be delivered to NON-Mainland please contact us for a delivery price.
Upon order completion an email confirming the Tracking details will be sent. Please visit www.dpd.co.uk or www.ups.co.uk to view the status of your delivery.
Placing an order All orders are treated as LIVE once full payment has been accepted online and artwork supplied has been approved. To ensure swift order processing please pay attention to the artwork preparation guidelines.
When can I expect my order? Each product has its own unique turnaround time, please refer to these at the point of order. Items that are not in the "Next Day" sections will usually be despatched within 4-5 working days. Items from the "Next Day" sections will be despatched the same day (On a next working day delivery) if the payment and press ready artwork has been received before 1pm.
What is the multiname service? Multiname is a unique service available online. Designed to offer substantial savings when ordering business cards for the same company.
I require 500 Business Cards for 3 members of staff. A traditional printer will charge 3 x 500 Business cards. With our system you would order the combined amount (1500) and benefit from the bulk saving.
Multiname is only available when purchasing cards for the same company, you can't order 1500 cards and submit 3 designs for different businesses, the back of each card must be the same. Multiname is only available in quantity's of 500.
How can I send artwork? When you process your order online you will need to process the payment first and then upload your artwork, if you cannot find the artwork uploader please go to www.mailbigfile.com/riverside This process marries up your order and artwork and ensures a swift and efficient order process.